DYSLEXIA

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a common condition that affects the way the brain processes language. Dyslexia makes it difficult for students to read and spell, but is not a sign of low intelligence. The Alabama State Department of Education (2015) defines dyslexia as a “learning challenge that is neurological in origin and characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the delivery of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

Dyslexia Specific Support in Alabama

The Alabama State Board of Education Dyslexia Resolution was approved April 8, 2015. The Dyslexia Resolution defined dyslexia, recognized the educational implications, called for the creation of a Dyslexia Advisory Council, and called for revision of the Alabama Administrative Code to address dyslexia and subsequent services needed to ensure the success of students with dyslexia. In addition, the Literacy Act passed in 2019 further outlines strategies, incentives, and interventions specific to the science of reading for grades K-3.

Dyslexia Specific Support in the Shelby County School System

In accordance with the Alabama Literacy Act, students in grades K-3 will be given a universal screener that has been recommended by the Alabama Literacy Task Force. The results of universal screenings will be used to determine a student's need for a Student Reading Intervention Plan (SRIP). After careful progress monitoring, a student may require additional assessment and screening for characteristics of dyslexia. Students in grades 4 and 5 will also be given a universal screener to determine specific instructional needs and the possible need for additional dyslexia screening. Screening for characteristics of dyslexia will be provided for students in grades 6-12 upon parental or teacher request. Accommodations and intervnetions will be monitored and communicated to parents through the campus Problem Solving Team (PST).

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